- abdicated: gave up one’s responsibilities
- barbarous: being violently destructive and cruel
- brethren: a religious term for brothers
- desolation: loneliness, loss
- executioners: persons who put others to death
- insurrections: acts of revolting against authority
- frontiers: areas that have not been explored
- mercenaries: professional soldiers hired by a foreign country
- paralleled: ran or was across from
- perfidy: unfaithfulness, not being trustworthy
- plundered: took wrongfully, stole, robbed
- ravaged: destroyed, damaged heavily
- undistinguished: marked by no special quality
Rewrite each of the following sentences of the Declaration of Independence in your own words in the text boxes following each line. This web page can be downloaded and saved so that the rewriting can be done in a word processing program, it can be copy and pasted into an e-mail to be shared or filled in and printed off.
32. He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
34. He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
35. He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
36. He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.